Essay on the causes of the american civil war

Social Causes There were many factors that contributed to the onset of the Civil War. Socially, the North and the South were built on different standards. The South, or the Slave States, was a slave-based community that followed a class-based system. This system consisted of aristocracy, middle class and then slavery. Many depended on slaves and were accustomed to this way of life, which was hard to change. Plantation owners had slaves working for them, and those who could not afford to own slaves would work on their own farm.

How to Write a Great Essay on the Causes of the Civil War

The North, or Free States, had more immigrants settling in its areas, where labour was needed, but not the labour of slaves. Therefore it had a more industrialized society where most people worked in factories, and did not follow a class system. The Northerners opposed to Slavery as an institution in the South, as the Confederate States were the only region in the world that still legalized the ownership of slaves. This angered the Southerners and threatened their way of life.

The election of Abraham Lincoln, as president was viewed by the South as a threat to slavery. Economic Causes By time, economic differences also developed between the two regions. The Southern states were agrarian states, and depended on agriculture rather than industrialization. After the Cotton Gin was invented, it increased the need for slaves and made cotton the chief crop of the South. This increased the South's dependence on the plantation system and its vital component, slavery. But by then, the North was prospering industrially.


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The North depended on factories and other industrialized businesses. For this reason many of the new immigrants settled north, while very few settled south. This allowed the North to grow industrially, while making the South more hostile towards them. The Confederacy resisted any kind of industrialization and manufactured as little as possible. Southern economy opposed high taxes, as manufacturing was limited.

But the Northern states welcomed high taxes to protect its products from cheap foreign competition. As a result, the South preferred not to accept most improvements that were made by the federal government, such as roads and canals, in order to keep taxes low. Another major problem that occurred was the competition between the North and South for more land. Both regions wanted to expand socially and economically westwards. The South wanted more agrarian states, while the North wanted to be able to expand industrial-wise. Confederate states felt that more agrarian states would help protect their economy and society in the future.

The Union also felt that expansion would help their future as an industrialized country. As competition grew between the two sides, unrest grew with it, eventually resulting in the Civil War.

Argumentative Civil War Topics

Political Causes Politically, the States were not any more united in their point of views. Expanding westwards did would not only help each side socially, and economically, but also politically. More Slave states meant there would be more Southerners will be involved in congress. But if there were more Free States, there would be more northern representation in congress. This caused continuous unrest between the two regions. Also, both the North and the South had different views on how the government should operate. The south wanted less government control, and more state freedom, while the North welcomed the central power of a government.

The South viewed the election of Abraham Lincoln, as president, as a threat to slavery. To make matters worse, the South was determined to start its own nation, by electing its own president, Thomas Jefferson. It started calling for International recognition as a nation from France and Britain. The South was persistent in becoming a separate country, but the North was not about to give up the South. Aftermath Eventually, the Civil War erupted. After four long years, the Union would win the War and the country would once again become united.

There were many reasons why the North was able to overcome the South.

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The Causes of the American Civil War

Since Southern economy was agrarian, and they had very few factories, the value of manufactured goods was higher than crops by the start of the War. This made the North wealthier, helping it to produce ammunition and other warfare utilities. The South was poorer, do to the lack of money since cotton was no longer providing the income and had only a few sources for manufacturing goods. As a result they were always unequipped and could not keep up. The North had the ability to invent modern weapons while the South had to fight with older weapons.

The North always had more people compared to the South who had fewer people. At war, the casualty rates were always equal, but the South suffered more because while the North could afford these loses, the South could not. Economically, the chief and immediate cause of the war was slavery Powerful Essays words 1.

One might ask, what caused such internal tension within the most powerful nation in the world.

The Cause and Effect of the Civil War. - WriteWork

During the nineteenth century, America was an infant nation, but toppling the entire world with its social, political, and economic innovations. In addition, immigrants were migrating from their native land to live the American dream Roark Powerful Essays words 5 pages. It has been years since the Civil War, and people are still worried about slavery leading to war. In regards of all the information I learned in class I believe slavery was the reason what lead to war. My stance to believing that is for the following reasons, in the th century there was a huge misunderstanding and separation between the South and the North.

Civil War Research Paper Topics – Middle School

The country was born out of conflict, from the fight between Loyalists and Patriots. Following this was the debates over slavery, which were repeatedly solved with temporary arrangements such as the Three-Fifths Compromise, Missouri Compromise, Compromise of , and the Kansas-Nebraska Act.

However, other affairs also split the nation.

Powerful Essays words 4 pages. The war was a long and bloody ordeal that was fought mainly over the problem of slavery and its legality. Thought the war was very interesting, the causes of it are also just as interesting and just as important. There are many different theories for what the main cause is, however the best answer is an all of the above approach.

The cause of the war that divided the nation cannot be narrowly defined into a single issue but each cause is affected and tied together.


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The main causes that resulted in the Civil War were the issue of nullification, tariffs, but most importantly just an overall difference in their ways of life The Civil War was the bloodiest war ever to take place on American soil.