Short essay loneliness

Ind Psychiatry J. Archana Singh and Nishi Misra 1. Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Address for correspondence: Dr.

E-mail: moc. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Background: The elderly population is large in general and growing due to advancement of health care education. Materials and Methods: This study was carried out on 55 elderly people both men and women. Results: Results revealed a significant relationship between depression and loneliness.

Conclusion: Most of the elderly people were found to be average in the dimension of sociability and preferred remaining engaged in social interactions. Keywords: Depression, Loneliness, Old age, Sociability. Sociability and old age Sociability plays an important role in protecting people from the experience of psychological distress and in enhancing well-being. Objectives of the study Examine the relationships among loneliness, depression and sociability in elderly persons Study gender differences with respect to sociability, loneliness and depression among elderly persons.

Hypotheses There will be a positive relationship between loneliness and depression in old age. There will be a negative relationship between sociability and loneliness in old age. Beck depression inventory Beck et al. Procedure Initially the participants were personally contacted and rapport was established with them. RESULTS Table 1 shown above reveals that there are no significant gender differences in elderly men and women with respect to loneliness and depression.

Table 1 Means and standard deviations for gender differences for loneliness, depression and sociability. Open in a separate window. Table 2 Correlations among loneliness, depression and sociability. Variables Loneliness Depression Sociability Loneliness 1.

Table 3 Correlations among loneliness, depression and sociability men. Table 4 Correlations among loneliness, depression and sociability women. On the basis of obtained findings, the following conclusions can be made: A significant positive correlation exists between loneliness and depression. Men are found to be more sociable than women.

There were certain limitations in the study: The sample size was restricted to few elderly persons.

Arber S, Ginn J. Gender and later life. Sage, London: Beck A. T, Ward C. An inventory for measuring depression. Archives of General Psychiatry. I, Geiselmann B. On the significance of morbidity and disability in old age. In: Baltes P.

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B, Mayer K. U, editors. The Berlin Aging Study: Aging from 70 to New York: Cambridge University Press; Bruce M. L, Seeman T, Merrill S. S, Blazer D. The impact of depressive symptomatology on physical disability: MacArthur Studies of successful aging. American Journal of Public Health.

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Loneliness Essay

A, Gatz M. Age-related differences and change in positive and negative affect over 23 years. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Costa P. T, Jr, McCrea R. Influence of extra version and neuroticism on subjective well-being: Happy and Unhappy people. Diener E, Suh E. M, Lucas R. E, Smith H.

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Subjective well-being: Three decades of progress. Psychological Bulletin. Eysenck H. J, Eysenck S.

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International Journal of Human Development. Depressive symptoms in late life. Journal of Cross Cultural Gerontology. Kennedy G. The epidemiology of late-life depression.


In: Kennedy G. J, editor. Suicide and depression in late life: Critical issues in treatment, research and public policy. New York: John Wiley and Sons; Max L. S, David J. V, Jacobijn G, Aartjan T. Is depression in old age fatal only when people feel lonely?